More and more new and innovative business models reach the electronic communication market and the demand for mobile data communication and additional frequency resources continues to grow.
Compared to other economic sectors, electronic communication is developing very fast all over the world. Mobile devices are becoming more and more common and as a consequence, the importance of mobile data communication is growing – by the end of the third quarter of 2014, there were 390,000 users of mobile data communication in Estonia.
In the near future, we can expect toughening competition among communication operators in the sphere of data communication services, characterised by high speeds, as it is possible to communicate both video and audio materials as data communication packages. The integration of services and development of services to meet specific needs of customer groups is becoming more and more important. Electronic communication also plays a big role in other economic sectors as information, its electronic processing and communication have become a strategic resource, just like natural resources, labour and financial capital.
On 1 July 2010, analogue television, broadcasted through air, was switched off and Estonia switched over to digital television. For the audience, this meant many more TV channels, better image and sound quality and various new possibilities.
Goals of the area
The goals of electronic communication that are set for the coming years aim at the establishment of free and secure common market, matching the information society requirements.
These goals are also set in the Digital Agenda 2020 for Estonia.
- By 2020, data communication services with the minimum speed of 30 Mbit/s will be available to all the inhabitants of Estonia.
- 60% of users of direct Internet connection can access data communication with the minimum speed of 100 Mbit/s in six years.
- By 2020, Estonia is among the five countries of the world that will enjoy the highest level of Internet freedom.
Entering the electronic communication market
- Provision of electronic communication services
Provision of electronic communication services to final customers will take place under a communication service contract. The undertaking will be required to offer the consumer an opportunity to conclude the electronic communication contract for a period of one year. The initial minimum term of a fixed term contract concluded with consumers must not exceed two years.
Undertakings that wish to provide electronic communication services must be registered in the Commercial register and submit a written notice to the Technical Regulatory Authority before commencing with business.
Conférence Européenne des Administrations des Postes et des Télécommunications (CEPT)
The members of CEPT can be administrations of those postal and telecommunication administrations of European countries that are the members of the Universal Postal Union, or UPU for short, or International Telecommunication Union, or ITU for short.
Conférence Européenne des Administrations des Postes et des Télécommunications (CEPT) »
Goals of CEPT:
- Strengthening the relations between member states to promote co-operation in the area of European postal and electronic communication
- Development of common positions for priorities and development of the European postal and electronic communication sector
- Representation of the interests of the sector at global level, including at the Universal Postal Union and International Telecommunication Union
- Harmonisation of the use of radio broadcasting frequencies in Europe
CEPT and Estonia
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications has been a member of CEPT since August 1993. The Republic of Estonia is represented at CEPT by the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, the Estonian Technical Regulatory Authority and the Estonian Competition Authority.
Organisation of the work of CEPT
CEPT is run by an assembly that comes together twice a year. Two committees operate at CEPT:
International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (ITSO)
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO) »
In 2001, ITSO was divided into two units: ITSO and Intelsat Ltd. Until then, ITSO was known under the name of INTELSAT.
Goals of the ITSO:
ITSO and Estonia
Organisation of work at the ITSO
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
The ITU pursues the following goals:
Extending the international co-operation with the purpose of improving electronic communication
Offering assistance to developing countries in the area of telecommunication and facilitates the pooling of resources for the improved availability of telecommunication services
Contribution to improving the efficiency of telecommunication services and their availability all over the world
Promotion of telecommunication services for the purpose of extending peace-orientated relations
The ITU and Estonia
Estonia has been a member of the ITU since 24 April 1992 and Estonia is represented at the ITU by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Technical Regulatory Authority and the Estonian Competition Authority.
Organisation of work at the ITU
Every four years, the Plenipotentiary Conference of the ITU will take place to elect the leaders, agree upon further areas of interest and specify the foundation documents.
The operating areas of the ITU are divided into three categories, which are co-ordinated, respectively:
- The Radio Communications Bureau
- The Telecommunications Standardisation Bureau
- The Telecommunications Development Bureau
The work done by the bureaus is supported by research groups that consist of experts and develop recommendations, mostly of a technical nature. All the recommendations given by the ITU are voluntary; however, most countries observe these recommendations. This will ensure the compatibility of both equipment and services, which will help in using the products of different manufacturers without making any additional expenses.