The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications is responsible for the elaboration and implementation of 12 different strategic documents, shaping the development of Estonia. The proposal for the development of the Estonian National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until 2030 has been approved by the Government and it will be completed in the near future; the remaining eleven are development plans that are already in the process of implementation.
Proposals for the elaboration of development plans
The Estonian National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until 2030 is aimed at ensuring an energy supply that is available to consumers at a reasonable price and effort and with an acceptable environmental condition, while observing the terms and conditions established in the long-term energy and climate policy of the European Union. The most beneficial economic competitiveness aspects must be observed for the purposes of the implementation of National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until 2030. The new plan also drafts the benchmarks for renewable energy and energy efficiency operational programmes and the vision for the renovation of buildings.
Effective development plans
The goals for the new Cyber Security Strategy include the implementation of a large-scale system of security measures, consisting of several levels, which, once applied, would ensure cyber security in the Republic of Estonia, enhance information security competence and awareness in Estonia, development of proportionate legal regulation framework for the secure and extensive use of information systems and Estonia becoming one of the leading countries in the international co-operation carried out to ensure more efficient cyber security.
The main aim of the strategy is to increase the productivity of Estonian entrepreneurs to a level, equivalent to 80 per cent of the respective average of the European Union.
As an outcome, the population of Estonia will become business-minded and enterprised – more ambitious. Enterprises will efficiently produce products with high added value and offer innovative services, being actively involved in exports. They will also highly value Estonia as a business environment.
For the implementation of the strategy, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications will prepare annual operational programmes that are to be endorsed by the Government. Such operational programmes will draft planned activities, complete with indicators, budgets and accountable entities. Reports on the implementation of the previous operational programme will be submitted to the Government with each new operational programme.
Made in Estonia 3.0 is Estonia’s foreign investment and export action plan for 2014-2017, which serves the purpose of enhancing export capabilities of Estonian enterprises and involving foreign investments.
The main goal of the development plant is to grow the tourism sector by approximately one third. Strategic efforts that are outlined in the plan include enhancing the awareness of Estonia as a travel destination, development of tourism products, tourism attractions of international interest and regional tourism destinations.
National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until 2020
Estonia and the other European Union member states have set the goal of achieving environmentally more sound energy production and diversified energy portfolio. For that purpose, it is intended to bring the proportion of renewable energy in final consumption rates up to 25 per cent by 2020, simultaneously achieving 10 per cent share of renewable energy in transport sector’s final consumption volumes, not exceeding the level reached in 2010 in final energy consumption and maintain greenhouse gas emission to the atmosphere around 11 per cent, compared to the level of 2005.
Estonian Renewable Energy Action Plan for 2020
According to the “National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until for 2020”, the Government will be required to introduce activities that will increase the share of renewable energy in total energy consumption. The Renewable Energy Action Plan and its operational programme are supposed to provide the roadmap for achieving Estonia’s renewable energy goal or a 25% share of renewable energy in total energy consumption.
Estonian Energy Sector Development Plan Until 2018
The goal of the development plan is to guide enterprises to adopting investment decisions that would ensure the compliance with national interests in the electricity market. The Government is aiming at ensuring a consistent and sustainable supply of electricity at a justified price in Estonia.
Economic aspects and clean technologies receive more and more attention for the purposes of planning the development of the transport sector. Estonia’s main requirements in the development of the transport sector include maintaining the condition of main roads and improving the condition of basic and secondary roads, continued reconstruction of Tallinn-Tartu highway into a four lane road; decreasing the use of vehicles in towns by improving the conditions for walking, cycling and using public transport and use smart solutions to offer various new services, particularly short-term bicycle and car rent; increasing the number of departures and speed of connection for train traffic for trains to become the most favoured means of transport that connects Tallinn and other towns; improving the train connection with Latvia (on Tartu-Riga line, Rail Baltic) and Russia (the trip to St Petersburg should be shorter than 5 hours); improving traffic safety by bringing it to a level where the average number of traffic fatalities would not exceed 50 occasions for every three years and in long term perspective, there would be no traffic fatalities altogether; increasing the share of more economic vehicles that run on renewable energy so that bio methane or compressed gas generated from domestic bio mass and waste would become the main alternative type of fuel in Estonia.
Estonian Marine Policy 2012–2020
The goal of the development plan is to use and maintain Estonia’s marine resources as much as possible and contribute to the development of marine sector. For that purpose, the development of marine business should be supported, above all, accompanied by improved safety of vessel traffic and other marine-related activities, protection of marine and coastal environment and marine cultural heritage.
The development plan will provide the guidance for creating a well-operating national information and communication technology environment. The main goals include an ICT structure that fosters economic growth, national development and welfare of its population, increased number of jobs with higher added value, improved international competitiveness and better life quality, smarter governance and increased awareness of e-governance all over the world.
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Plans for ICT environment
Estonian National Traffic Safety Programme for 2003-2015
The aim is to reduce the number of traffic fatalities to under 50 people by 2020. The required measures are listed in the traffic safety programme; the implementation of the programme will be coordinates by the traffic committee formed by the Government. A new traffic safety programme for 2016–2025 is also being currently developed.