Today, the Government confirmed the Estonian Energy Development Plan until 2030 (ENMAK), the main objective of which is to ensure the availability of energy supplies to consumers and the best possible price.
Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure Kadri Simson said that we must increasingly focus on environmentally-friendly production and consumption. "Renewable energy is growing from year to year and today accounts for nearly 30% of the final consumption," the minister said. "But our ambitions are undoubtedly bigger, opportunities exist in dispersed production, environmentally-friendly fuels, and in reducing consumption," she added.
As another important topic, the minister pointed out energy security. "Estonia is a unique country because it can produce all the electricity and heat it needs. Although we also have good external connections and a functioning market, domestic production and good infrastructure provide greater certainty in uncertain times," Simson said.
"The interconnection of Estonian electricity networks with Western Europe in the ten-year perspective also increases security."
"Any energy, whether it's electricity, heat or fuel, must be as comfortable as possible for people to acquire and a functioning market will provide the best price. The development plan will help people and companies to not have to think about the availability of energy on a daily basis and instead focus on saving," said the minister.
Furthermore, energy services in the periphery of Estonia should be available and of stable quality so that there would be fewer outages, according to Simson.
As greater challenges, the minister named the reduction of consumption and the introduction of renewable fuels into transport. "The technology must become more efficient and affordable for a more widespread use of electric vehicles. But we are supporting the production and sale of domestic compressed gas already today," Simson said.
The new development plan will replace the existing state energy development plan until 2020, which was approved in 2009. Dozens of Estonian specialists, companies and stakeholders were involved in the preparation of ENMAK.
Major objectives of ENMAK by 2030:
- A working, independent, subsidy-free and open fuel and electricity market
- Electricity production capacity in Estonia is higher than consumption
- The Estonian electricity system is synchronised with the European Union frequency bands
- The share of renewable energy increases and accounts for 50% of final energy consumption
- Renewable energy generation works without subsidies and achieves 50% of final consumption of domestic electricity
- District heating is preserved in areas where it is sustainable and capable of delivering energy-efficient and environmentally friendly energy solutions to consumers
- 80% of the heat generated in Estonia is produced from renewable energy sources
- There is a decrease in market concentration in the gas market
- The average total yearly time of power cuts in a distribution network does not exceed 90 minutes per place of consumption
- The energy efficiency of buildings has been increased through reconstruction
- New buildings correspond to the value of the energy efficiency of the near-zero energy building
- The fuel consumption of vehicles does not increase and the share of renewable fuel increases