Building and housing
The general aim of the state in housing is to guarantee the possibility of all citizens of Estonia to choose a dwelling. The main task is to create such conditions (legal regulation, institutional management and supporting measures) in the housing market that enable the owners and tenants of dwellings and civil initiative societies engaged in housing sector to solve the problems independently and put into practice individual dwelling strategies. National housing development proceeds from the principles of balanced social and regional development. The present Development Plan, considering its general aim, sets the specific national activity objectives for the years 2003 2008. The basis for solving urgent problems of housing sector and its sustainable development is to guarantee the preservation of the existing housing stock, increasing the flexibility of regional housing market, diversifying types of dwellings and improvement of credit terms. Specific aims proceed from the need to prolong the life-time of the existing housing stock, first of all to prevent blocks-of-flats become unfit for use as a result of insufficient maintenance and repairs and also speed up final solution of problems concerning tenants of houses returned to owners. Developing housing further we have to proceed from the fact that almost 96% of Estonian housing stock is privately owned. The income of populations majority does probably not enable to promote building of new houses for a relatively long period. Therefore the main emphasis should be put on preserving and modernizing the existing housing stock, supporting necessary investments the owners should make. When Estonian society and an average citizen of Estonia become gradually wealthier, attention should be paid to favouring building of new houses. This enables step-by-step to replace technically and morally outdated dwellings, developing new residential districts and integrating them to old dwelling areas and local districts.